The LNER 'J' 0-6-0 Locomotives: J1 - J20
The 0-6-0 wheel arrangement was by far the most numerous used by the LNER. It was used mainly for locomotives intended for freight, branch, and shunting work.
If any single type epitomises the British steam locomotive from the mid-19th Century, it is the inside-cylinder 0-6-0 tender loco. Far more were built than any other type, principally for freight, though many were also deployed on passenger duties such as branch line services or excursions. The advent of more powerful eight-coupled designs did little to dent the popularity of the 0-6-0 for lighter freight duties. Although the nature of their work ensured the longevity of many pre-Grouping locomotives, new 0-6-0 construction continued on a large scale through to the 1940s. The LNER ceased 0-6-0 construction in 1941.
Unlike the 4-4-0, its passenger counterpart, the 0-6-0 type did not alter radically over its long history. Once the long boiler and double-framed designs (both represented in the LNER's 1923 inheritance) were abandoned, the most obvious development over the years was the trend towards larger boilers. Later modifications also included piston valves and superheating.
At Grouping (1923), the LNER inherited over 2,500 0-6-0 tender locomotives - over a third of all locomotives inherited. Over half of these pre-Grouping 0-6-0s survived to Nationalisation (1948), while the LNER built 337 more (324 to new designs). Therefore at Nationalisation, 0-6-0 tender locomotives still constituted over a quarter of the LNER stock.
Due to the large numbers of different 0-6-0 types, they have been split into four indexes:
The 0-6-0 Tender Locomotive Classes J1 - J20
|Class||Builder||Designer||First Built||Last Withdrawal||Comments|
|J3||GNR||Gresley||1912||1954||Gresley rebuild of J4|
|J4||GNR||Stirling/Ivatt||1873||1951||Included rebuilds of earlier Stirling locomotives.|
|J7||GNR||Stirling||1883||1936||"West Riding Goods"|
|'18'||GCR||Sacre||1873||1924||Also known as "Class J8 - 309B only"|
|J15||GER||T.W. Worsdell||1883||1962||'Little Goods'|
|J16||GER||J. Holden||1900||1932||All rebuilt as J17s|